Type 2 diabetes sends a clear signal that your body’s ability to produce and process insulin has gone awry. Insulin, a hormone that’s naturally produced by the pancreas, governs blood sugar levels (the main type of sugar you get from eating food). If you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not absorbed by the cells. The result? Uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
How to respond
According to the NHS, you should see a GP if you have any of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes or you’re worried you may have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
“A GP can diagnose diabetes. You’ll need a blood test, which you may have to go to your local health centre for if it cannot be done at your GP surgery,” explains the NHS.
The earlier diabetes is diagnosed and treatment started, the better.
As the NHS points out, early treatment reduces your risk of other health problems.
Complex carbohydrates, on the other hand, are starches and broken down more slowly than simple carbs and will raise sugar levels more slowly.
The glycaemic index (GI) can help you distinguish between the two.
The GI index is a rating system for foods containing carbohydrates. It shows how quickly each food affects your blood sugar (glucose) level when that food is eaten on its own.
Key exercise tips
According to Diabetes UK, there isn’t one type of activity that’s best for everyone with diabetes.
“It’s about finding what works for you and depends on lots of things, like what you enjoy, where you are and how much time you have,” adds the health body.
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