Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Four sensations in your feet that signal high blood sugar levels

Fitness & Health:

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are slight in the beginning so the condition goes unnoticed. However, as high blood sugar levels rage – the main threat if you have type 2 diabetes – the body can take a hammering. More acute symptoms tend to follow and these acute symptoms often surface in the feet.

“There are a number of signs that suggest that something is wrong with the feet of people living with diabetes,” explained Professor Andrew Boulton, President of the International Diabetes Federation, to

He continued: “The first is a feeling that something just isn’t quite right.”

Then, he explained, people typically report the following sensations to their doctor or diabetes specialist:

  • Numbness
  • Small electric shocks akin to needles and pins
  • Burning sensation
  • Freezing sensation.

READ MORE: Type 2 diabetes symptoms: Doctor shares the key signs on your toes of high blood sugar

What else should you look for in the feet?

Professor Boulton explained: “Other signs to look out for are dry skin, a build-up of callus on the ball of the foot and any wounds on the feet.”

According to prof Boulton, “wounds are a real concern and you should seek the advice of a healthcare professional if you find any.”

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It is also important to look carefully between the toes for any cracks in the skin, he said.

“It can be difficult to examine your own feet, so use a mirror to help examine the bottoms of your feet or ask a family member or friend to help.”

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What’s more, the temperature of the foot can be a sign, noted prof Boulton.

“Does one foot seem warmer to the touch than the other?”

What causes high blood sugar levels?

If you have type 2 diabetes, it signals the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin it does produce is not taken up by the cells.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar – the main type of sugar found in blood.

There are two key components to blood sugar control – diet and exercise.

“There’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but you’ll have to limit certain foods,” explains the NHS.

The health body says you should:

  • Eat a wide range of foods – including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta
  • Keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum
  • Eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – do not skip meals.
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“If you need to change your diet, it might be easier to make small changes every week,” it adds.

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