It is hard to estimate the exact number of people that live with type 2 diabetes in the UK because symptoms can take years to surface. That’s because the faulty mechanisms that underpin type 2 diabetes take years to wrought their destruction. It is possible to be alerted to the risk of type 2 diabetes long in advance, however.
Blood sugar is the main type of sugar you get from eating food. It supplies the body with energy but flooding your body with blood sugar can cause extensive damage.
The pancreas normally polices blood sugar levels by releasing the hormone insulin.
However, if you have type 2 diabetes, this function is impaired, which means one must find alternative ways of regulating blood sugar.
Fortunately, you can compensate for poor insulin production by overhauling aspects of your lifestyle.
The glycemic index (GI) is a relative ranking of carbohydrates in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels.
It shows how quickly each food affects your blood sugar (glucose) level when that food is eaten on its own.
Carbs that are broken down quickly by your body and cause a rapid increase in blood glucose have a high GI rating.
High GI foods include:
- Sugar and sugary foods
- Sugary soft drinks
- White bread
- White rice.
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