Health

Who, when and how? A look at the UK’s vaccination rollout

Fitness & Health:

LONDON — British regulators have become the first to approve the COVID-19 vaccine developed by American drugmaker Pfizer and Germany’s BioNTech for emergency use. Because trials of the vaccine have shown that it has 95% efficacy, there is acute interest in how the U.K. plans to implement its biggest immunization program in decades. Here’s a look at what is known about Britain’s vaccination plan:

———

HOW MUCH OF THE VACCINE DOES THE U.K. HAVE?

Ads

———

WHEN WILL THE ROLLOUT BEGIN?

The plan is to rollout the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine from early next week after the first batch arrives from Belgium. British Health Secretary Matt Hancock said 800,000 doses will arrive next week, with millions coming in the following weeks. But the vaccine remains experimental while final testing is done.

———

HOW WILL THE ROLLOUT WORK?

It won’t be straightforward. Because the vaccine must be stored and transported at about minus 70 degrees Celsius (minus 94 degrees Fahrenheit), there are clear logistical issues. Luckily, the vaccine is stable at normal fridge temperatures, between 2 and 8 degrees Celsius (35.6 to 46.4 F), for a few days, meaning that it can be stored locally ahead of being administered. The U.K. is planning to use the National Health Service to roll the vaccine out, including local general practitioners and specially built vaccination centers.

RELATED:  Park and vote: New Hampshire House holds drive-in session

———

HOW LONG WILL THE VACCINATION EFFORT TAKE?

———

WILL THE U.K. MAKE VACCINES COMPULSORY?

———

WHO WILL BE VACCINATED FIRST?

———

AND THEN WHO IS NEXT?

All residents 75 and older should be vaccinated next, according to the JCVI, followed by those 70 and over and people deemed to be clinically “extremely vulnerable.” During the first phase of the immunization program, Britain has created nine separate groups down to those aged 50 and above. Overall, it hopes that between 90-99% of people most at risk of dying from COVID 19 will have been immunized during the first phase of the vaccinations.

RELATED:  Ionic defect landscape in perovskite solar cells revealed

———

IS THE VACCINATION PLAN SET IN STONE?

No. The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization acknowledged that the scale of the vaccination program is unprecedented and that operational flexibilities will be required. There are clear questions to be answered as to how the Pfizer vaccine will be transported to nursing homes, given the need for it to be stored and transported at super-low temperatures.

———

WHAT ABOUT ACCESS FOR OTHER HARD-HIT GROUPS?

———

AFTER THE TWO SHOTS, HOW LONG BEFORE IMMUNITY KICKS IN?

Within a month. Data from the vaccine trials, which involved more than 40,000 people around the world, shows a similar immune response, irrespective of age, race or country the volunteers lived in. Partial immunity does occur after the first dose, but British regulators expect people to become immune about seven days after the second dose. It is not yet exactly clear how long that immunity lasts.

RELATED:  The Latest: Israel planning nightly curfew during Hanukkah

———

WHAT’S THE LONG-TERM PLAN?

There are a number of answers that will only emerge through the test of time, such as its impact on transmission rates. It’s also not clear how long immunity will last and whether people will need an annual dose of the vaccine, as with the flu vaccine. It’s also unclear how the coronavirus will develop, whether it morphs into different strains. The U.K. will set up a monitoring program, whereby people will be asked to help build up knowledge. First up will be side-effects. They are expected to be modest, lasting a day or so and equivalent to those after other vaccines.

———

WHAT ABOUT VACCINE SKEPTICS?

Britain’s Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency, which authorized the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, insists no corners were cut in the process and that the experience of the vaccination rollout will show that the vaccine is safe and effective. The government has also indicated it will seek to stem anti-vax misinformation and is thought to be actively recruiting well-respected people to front a national immunization ad campaign.

———

Follow AP coverage of the virus outbreak at https://apnews.com/VirusOutbreak and https://apnews.com/UnderstandingtheOutbreak

DISCLAIMER:-If article is on fitness, health tips, beauty, tips-tricks care like recommendation, then check for DISCLAIMER in T&C.

Health News Today & Latest Medical News More Updates

Today News || Latest News || World News || US Politics || Health News || Technology News || Education News

Source

Tags
Show More

Related Articles

Back to top button
Close